Tuesday, September 15, 2009
The volunteers who did follow-up today were the same two volunteers who trained the Nabitovu Village Health Team, about a month and a half ago. While much of the training focused on particular diseases, a lot of it also focused on household-level sanitation measures, which prevent disease and infection. Measures like having a large, well-built, two-tier dish drying rack (made out of branches) built outside over a whole dug filled with rocks – building the rack outside exposes drying plates to the sun, killing bacteria, and digging a hole underneath gives a place for water to leak down. Filling the hole with rocks prevents the earth from slowly washing away. Or, having an outside, walled-off bathing area with a path for the water to run away, so it doesn’t simply puddle and become a breeding ground for mosquitoes (aka malaria). Or having a latrine, with walls and a roof and a lid over the latrine hole, and a tippy-tap outside with soap for washing hands. (A tippy-tap is small ‘jerry-can’ - a rectangular plastic jug with a handle – strung up by a string so that you can tip it once and thin stream of water will pour out in order wash your hands. Some of the Village Health Team members even had tippy-taps strung so that you would press a branch on the ground with your foot, connected to the jerry-can, and the jerry-can would pour water as you pushed.)
So, we spent the day walking to one Village Health Team house after another. Mbasalaki Monica, the acting VHT chair, took us around the entire day, sacrificing time, lunch, and a huge quantity of energy for the cause. Some of the VHT members had model households, with huge, beautifully-built drying racks, excellent latrines and bathing houses, clean, mosquito-free compounds, well-dug trash pits with a branch-fence around, etc. Some of them were lacking here or there, though only one VHT member was lacking a latrine. He promised that he was just about to dig one, as the old one had filled up a few weeks before.
Surprisingly, not a single member seemed to feel that the follow-up was an invasion of their privacy, perhaps because the two Red Cross volunteers had been their teachers, or perhaps because the volunteers were excellent at both praising the good elements of a home while still lecturing on the bad. When a VHT member was missing a particular sanitation measure, the volunteers would note the absence, often chastise him or her lightly, and then explain once again why the measure is important to household health.
It was clear than many of the Village Health Team members had constructed or dug or set up various arrangements just before we came, in expectation of our visit. This showed another merit of follow-up; besides being a sort of refresher course, the visits actually prompted VHT members to take action on measures that they had been putting off for some time.
Of the 27 Village Health Team members, we got to 20 households, and Julius and I will return shortly to visit the last seven. The Red Cross volunteers told each household that they would return in two weeks – we expect that this will prompt many members to hurry about fixing the points in which they had been found lacking. The volunteers kept a record for each household, according them a check or a zero for each sanitation measure, so we shall see in a month’s time how the improvement has gone on.
We have begun our village eye-care program with Sight Savers International (SSI), a UK-based non-profit which works to eliminate avoidable blindness and promote equality of opportunity for disabled people in the developing world.
The program has a number of stages: Firstly, a representative from SSI (Abdul, who is himself blind and therefore a role model of what he teaches) shall choose a member of each village – likely a Village Health Team member – to be trained as the village eye specialist. Secondly, we shall transport those five individuals to the office, two days in a row, for SSI to conduct all-day trainings on how to recognize and provide a rough diagnosis for eye problems common in the village, as well as how to prevent such illnesses or problems. Thirdly, those now-trained eye specialists will spend a few weeks back home, composing a list of villagers with eye-problems. Fourthly, we shall provide transport money for each of those villagers with eye problems to visit the closest health center that can provide them with a final diagnosis of their condition.
Fifthly, and importantly, Abdul will return to each village to counsel the diagnosed villagers, encouraging the ones with repairable problems to get fixed (sometimes villagers are too scared to actually get the repair surgery, even when free), and teaching the ones with non-repairable problems how to best live ‘positively’ with reduced eye-sight or blindness – techniques for getting around, how to use a cane, etc. Lastly, we shall provide transportation money for each repairable villager to go to the nearest health center which can repair or treat his or her eye problem. Sight-Savers International actually pays for all the surgeries and treatment – and almost all the surgeries will be done either by Doctor Othieno, an ophthalmologist from Iganga, or by other doctors who were trained by Doctor Othieno.
We are currently in stage one of the process – we have held two village meetings with Abdul, in Bulumwaki and in Butongole, so that the Village Health Teams, the political leaders and other village leaders might choose the villager who is to be trained as eye specialist. In Bulumwaki, they chose Faith Namungere, the Village Health Team chair and also a nurse at a nearby clinic.
I shall keep this blog updated on our progress !
Tuesday, September 8, 2009
"Big U.S. Bases Are Part of Iraq, but a World Apart"
"At the height of war, more than 300 bases were scattered across Iraq. Over the next few months, Americans hope to be at six huge bases, with 13 others being used for staging and preparing for a complete withdrawal.
The first people you encounter when driving up to an American base are not actually American. They are usually Ugandans, employed by a private security company, Triple Canopy, and those at Balad had enough authority to delay for five hours an American Air Force captain escorting an American reporter onto the base.
The Ugandans make up only one nationality of a diverse group of workers from developing nations who sustain life on the F.O.B's [forward operating base's] for American soldiers. They largest contingents come from the Philippines, Bangladesh and India. They live apart from both Western contractors and soldiers on base, interacting with them only as much as their jobs demand. "